International Crossing Historical

International Crossing Historical (HM1UNQ)

Location: Buffalo, NY 14213 Erie County
Country: United States of America

N 42° 54.911', W 78° 54.188'

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National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom

The Black Rock Ferry was an important crossing to Canada throughout the 19th century until it ceased operations in 1949. The ferry wharf was located on a long, narrow stone pier constructed to protect Black Rock Harbor from the Niagara River. Originally, the ferry was powered by four men pulling a pair of oars. In 1826, the state legislature required conversion to a horse boat, four hourses turning a wheel which in turn propelled the boat. A steam boat was introduced in 1840. The stone pier was widened in the 1930s to build Buffalo's sewage treatment plant and the present park. View across the canal and harbor to the ferry wharf, about 1888. Source: eee. NPS Multiple Property Doc Form Appendix B, P2. Background: The ferry wharf and customs house with the Frontier Mills beyond. Huntress (1880, Propeller). Source: C. Patrick Labadie Collection / Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary, Alpena, MI.
Year Placed2016
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 26th, 2016 at 9:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 671149 N 4753529
Decimal Degrees42.91518333, -78.90313333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 54.911', W 78° 54.188'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 54' 54.66" N, 78° 54' 11.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)716
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Robert Rich Way, Buffalo NY 14213, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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