Folck's Mill

Folck's Mill (HMCPM)

Location: Cumberland, MD 21502 Allegany County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 40.303', W 78° 43.287'

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Confederate Raid

Late in July 1864, Confederate Gen. John C. McCausland led his two cavalry brigades (about 2,800 men) northward into Pennsylvania and Maryland to capture Chambersburg and Cumberland and either collect a ransom or burn the towns. McCausland burned Chambersburg on July 31. The next day, his raiders reached the National Pike and rode toward Cumberland. Union Gen. William W. Averell led 2,000 cavalrymen in pursuit.

Union Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley hurriedly organized Cumberland's defenses. He positioned a blocking force of two infantry regiments (about 1,000 men) and four artillery pieces east of town on wooded hills overlooking Folck's Mill. Other units, including three hastily organized civilian volunteer companies, occupied prepared positions elsewhere around the town.

When the first Confederates reached Folck's Mill, the concealed Federals opened fire. The raiders took shelter in the mill buildings and what is now Hillcrest Cemetery. As the main Confederate force arrived, it deployed on the hill behind the advance body. A sharp fight ensued about 3 p.m. and continued for four and a half hours. With Averell pressing their rear and a solid defense in their front, the Confederates had no choice but to escape south under cover of darkness, leaving campfires burning to deceive the Federals. A difficult night march brought the raiders to Oldtown at dawn. Confederate losses at Cumberland numbered two killed, two wounded, and three taken prisoner, while the Federals suffered twelve wounded.
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Placed ByMaryland Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 18th, 2014 at 3:15pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 695434 N 4393803
Decimal Degrees39.67171667, -78.72145000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 40.303', W 78° 43.287'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 40' 18.18" N, 78° 43' 17.22" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 13100 Ali Ghan Rd NE, Cumberland MD 21502, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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