Conflict in Campbell County

Conflict in Campbell County (HM29A8)

Location: Jellico, TN 37762 Campbell County
Country: United States of America

N 36° 35.079', W 84° 8.506'

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Inscription

War in the Mountains

The Civil War in Campbell County was often personal. Few residents owned slaves, and a large majority - 1,094 to 60 - voted against secession in June 1861. Local men formed what became Co. A and Co. B, 1st Tennessee Infantry (US), at the courthouse in Jacksboro on August 1-2, 1861. Despite the strong Unionist sentiment, Confederate forces occupied the rugged mountain region later that year to secure several strategic gaps and to block any large Federal advance from Kentucky.

Confederate control did not last long. In March 1862, Union forces won an engagement at Jacksboro, raised the United States flag at the courthouse, and then marched north to destroy a saltpeter operation near here. The Federals noted that "the people...are truly loyal in their sentiments and hailed the advent of our troops with unbounded enthusiasm." The expedition destroyed 1,000 pounds of saltpeter (essential to the manufacture of gunpowder), numerous kettles, 11,000 pounds of bacon, 20 sacks of flour, and a shed.

Travel through the mountains was challenging and dangerous. One night in April 1863, William Sloan carried dispatches from Kentucky to Confederates near Jacksboro. He confided to his diary, "the darkness was at times so pitchy that it gave me the sensation of passing through a tunnel, or dark underground passage;



but of course there was some light else my horse could not have found his way, but such light was not discernible to my senses. Altogether it was the most dismal ride I ever took in my life, to say nothing of being uncomfortable."
Details
HM NumberHM29A8
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, July 12th, 2018 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 755721 N 4052601
Decimal Degrees36.58465000, -84.14176667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 35.079', W 84° 8.506'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 35' 4.74" N, 84° 8' 30.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)865, 423
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 100 Indian Mt State Park Cir, Jellico TN 37762, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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