Civil War in Tennessee

Civil War in Tennessee (HM1ERF)

Location: Jellico, TN 37762 Yavapai County
Country: United States of America

N 36° 35.318', W 84° 6.358'

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Inscription

War in the Mountains

Tennessee's mountain residents were bitterly divided about secession in 1861, although most were Unionist. In Huntsville (Exit 141), Scott County residents voted to secede and join Kentucky if Tennessee joined the Confederacy.

Confederate commanders struggled to defend Tennessee's lengthy border with Kentucky and western Virginia. A confederate fort in LaFollette (Exit 134) overlooked Big Creek Gap, a mountain pass, in case a Federal advance came that way. Other gaps were similarly fortified. Although when Confederated Gen. Simon B. Bruckner inspected the posts from Clinton (Exit 122) east to Cumberland Gap in June 1863, he found them "very imperfect." Buckner strengthened the Cumberland Gap defenses (Exit 134); today, Cumberland Gap National Historic Park preserves both early Confederate fortifications and later Federal works.

The Confederate forts were intended to protect Knoxville, an important transportation center. In the city (I-275 Exit 1A), Knoxville National Cemetery contains remains of white Federal soldiers and U.S. Colored Troops who died in the area fighting. Both Confederate and Unionist leaders are buried in adjacent Old Gray Cemetery. The East Tennessee History Center on Gay Street interprets the region's divided loyalties and the effects of the war.

Follow the routes of the armies along the Tennessee Civil War Trails. Colorful markers at each stop tell the story of the war's interesting people, places, and events. A free map guide to the Tennessee Trails network is available in the Welcome Center. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the beauty and history of the Tennessee Civil War Trails.

(captions)
"Drawing Artillery Across the Mountains," Harper's Weekly, Nov. 21, 1863
Cumberland Gap Courtesy Lincoln Memorial University
Union Monument, Knoxville National Cemetery (statue of Union soldier replaced the eagle in 1906) - Courtesy Library of Congress
Details
HM NumberHM1ERF
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 16th, 2014 at 9:58pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 758912 N 4053139
Decimal Degrees36.58863333, -84.10596667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 35.318', W 84° 6.358'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 35' 19.08" N, 84° 6' 21.48" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)865, 423
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 145 Creekmore Ln, Jellico TN 37762, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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