Temple of Bellona

Temple of Bellona (HM28FY)

Location: Richmond, England TW9 Greater London
Country: United Kingdom

N 51° 28.633', W 0° 17.483'

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Inscription
Temple of Bellona
Fashion and the fight: built 1760


This building may sound romantic, but it's more about battle than beauty. The female counterpart to Mars, Bellona is actually the Roman goddess of war.
It's an appropriate dedication, as the architect Sir William Chambers — who redesigned the gardens for Princess Augusta — built this temple at the height of the Seven Years' War (1756-63).
At the time, every fashionable royal garden included a temple to Bellona. She was shown in plays, music, art, and architecture in stately homes across the country.
Sir William hoped that putting classical architecture in the (then) wild and untamed natural beauty of the Gardens would appeal to the 'mind and imagination' of the viewer. He also created a Temple of Peace but, sadly, that has not survived.
From 'Kew Gardens: A Series of Twenty-Four Drawings on Stone' by George Ernest Papendiek (1788-1835) engraved by Charles Hullmandel (1789-1850) published in 1820.
A black and white copy is held in Kew's Library, Art & Archives Collection. To find out more about our collections and the work of our archive team visit kew.org/library
Hard wood
During a recent restoration, we were amazed to discover that the temple is actually made of wood!



It has survived the last 250 years astonishingly well including a move in 1803 from its original location, near where the Princess of Wales Conservatory stands today.
Details
HM NumberHM28FY
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, June 13th, 2018 at 7:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)30U E 688090 N 5706374
Decimal Degrees51.47721667, -0.29138333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 51° 28.633', W 0° 17.483'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds51° 28' 37.98" N, 0° 17' 28.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , Richmond England TW9, GB
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