Physicians in the Indian Wars
Pioneer physicians came into the wilderness
that was to become Ohio in the 1780's, to serve in the
respective campaigns of generals Josiah Harmar,
Arthur St. Clair, and Anthony Wayne in their struggle
against hostile Indians.
Their philosophy of service was expressed by
Doctor Joseph Strong, one of their number, when
he wrote here at Fort St. Clair on August 22, 1793:
"May the glowing virtues of each heart
kindle a vestal flame in the soul, which shall
shine like the light of peace on the haggard
faces of distress and illuminate the
mysteries of human existence."
In 1794 General Anthony Wayne defeated the Indians at
Fallen Timbers and a year later the Treaty of
Greene Ville brought peace to the frontier.
This marker erected July 4, 1953,
during the sesquicentennial year of the statehood of Ohio
by the Ohio State Medical Association, is dedicated
to the early medical men in the Ohio country.
Roster of Physicians in the Indian Wars
In the Indian Wars physicians were commissioned officers- Surgeons
and Surgeons' Mates, serving in the Army of the United States or with the
Kentucky Volunteers. The defeat of the Indians by General Anthony Wayne
in his campaign of 1793- 1794 was a great measure made possible by
the skill and devotion of these physicians. Doctor Richard Allison,
a veteran of the American Revolution, was the Senior Surgeon in this
campaign, as well as in the previous campaigns under General Josiah Harmar
and General Arthur St. Clair. He was aided by:
Surgeons (list of 12 names)
Surgeons Mates (list of 33 names)