The Great Trail / The Ohio Country in the Revolution

The Great Trail / The Ohio Country in the Revolution (HM1J34)

Location: Malvern, OH 44644 Carroll County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 41.461', W 81° 11.212'

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Inscription
Side A
The Great Trail
Gateway to the Ohio Country
The ancient trail that passed near this spot was the major overland route entering the Ohio Country from the east through the 1700s. Also known as the Tuscarawas Path, the Great Trail was used by Native Americans, European explorers, fur traders, missionaries, military expeditions, land agents-and settlers after Ohio became a state. In January 1761, during the French and Indian War, Major Robert Rogers and thirty-eight rangers passed en route to Fort Pitt after taking Fort Detroit from the French. In 1764, during "Pontiac's Conspiracy," Colonel Henry Bouquet crossed here with an army of 1,500 men on his way to Goshachgunk (Coshocton), where he treated with the Delaware and freed captives. During the American Revolution, the Continental Army under General Lachlan McIntosh camped here for two days in November 1778.

Side B
The Ohio Country in the Revolution
The western wilderness that later became the state of Ohio played a major role in American, British, and Native American strategy during the American Revolution. In 1778, General George Washington ordered General Lachlan McIntosh to establish a new fort in Ohio to provide a base for a spring campaign on Fort Detroit, held by the British and allied tribes. That fall McIntosh set out from Fort Pitt with over 1,200 troops. On the nights of November 13 and 14, 1778, McIntosh's expedition camped at this site. They subsequently joined forces with friendly Delawares and proceeded west to the Tuscarawas River, where they fulfilled their mission by establishing Fort Laurens. Located at present-day Bolivar, it was the only Continental Army fort built in Ohio during the Revolution.
Details
HM NumberHM1J34
Tags
Marker Number2-10
Year Placed2010
Placed BySociety of Colonial Wars in the State of Ohio and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, February 8th, 2015 at 9:04pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 484211 N 4504474
Decimal Degrees40.69101667, -81.18686667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 41.461', W 81° 11.212'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 41' 27.66" N, 81° 11' 12.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)330
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 500-538 OH-183, Malvern OH 44644, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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