— Confederate Lifeline —The Roanoke Navigation Company - a collaboration among North Carolina, Virginia, and private shareholders - began building the Roanoke Canal in 1819. The company created an inland navigation system from the upper Staunton and Dan Rivers in Virginia, down the Roanoke River through North Carolina, and then via the Dismal Swamp Canal to Norfolk. Construction of the 8.5-mile-long canal around the Great Falls of the Roanoke to the terminus of the project in present-day Weldon, using mostly slave labor, took several years to complete. Locks were built in three locations and an aqueduct was constructed over Chokoyotte Creek in Weldon. The canal boats, or batteaux, were about 60 feet long with an 8-foot-beam. Often, free blacks and slaves were engaged to pole them; each vessel transported 10-12 hogsheads (5-8 tons) of cargo. The canal operated until the railroads, providing more efficient transportation, forced its closure in 1859.
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|Series||This marker is part of the North Carolina Civil War Trails series|
|Placed By||North Carolina Civil War Trails|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Friday, September 26th, 2014 at 9:14pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18S E 262756 N 4039832|
|Decimal Degrees||36.47443333, -77.64798333|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 36° 28.466', W 77° 38.879'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||36° 28' 27.96" N, 77° 38' 52.74" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 11919 Roanoke Canal Trail, Roanoke Rapids NC 27870, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|