Penateka Comanches

Penateka Comanches (HM1RE3)

Location: Center Point, TX 78010 Kerr County
Country: United States of America

N 29° 53.602', W 99° 6.302'

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Inscription
The Penateka, or "honey eaters," were the southernmost band of Comanches; their range extended from the Edwards Plateau to the beginnings of central Texas rivers. The nomadic Comanches followed buffalo as they migrated, depending on the animals for food, clothing and shelter. They also relied on horses and were unmatched in their horsemanship. A major Comanche trail passed through the Camp Verde area.

Settlement west of here was avoided due to fear of the Penatekas. By the 1840s, Texas Rangers had some success against the Comanches and in 1855, the U.S. Army's Second Cavalry reduced raiding in the area; the division had outposts at Camp Verde and Camp Ives in Kerr county. Some of the Penateka Comanches were moved a year earlier to a reservation in what is now Throckmorton County; the group was later moved to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

Other Penatekas continued to raid the county sporadically through the 1870s. After the Red River War (1874-75), the Comanches were forced onto a reservation established by the 1867 Treaty of Medicine Lodge Creek. Reservation life changed the entire societal structure for the formerly nomadic Comanches. In 1901, their reservation was broken up into allotments, and as many moved away in following years, the group dispersed. In the 1960s, the Comanches worked to rebuild their society and today they are united by common culture across geographic divides.
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Details
HM NumberHM1RE3
Marker Number16257
Year Placed2010
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, April 1st, 2016 at 9:01pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 489858 N 3306974
Decimal Degrees29.89336667, -99.10503333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 53.602', W 99° 6.302'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 53' 36.12" N, 99° 6' 18.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)830
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 265 E Verde Cr Rd, Center Point TX 78010, US
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