Alfred B. Hilton

Alfred B. Hilton (HM1QBG)

Location: Havre de Grace, MD 21078 Harford County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 33.998', W 76° 9.818'

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Inscription

Medal of Honor Recipient

After the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1863, the U.S. Army recruited both free blacks and slaves. In August 1863, freedman Alfred B. Hilton and his brothers Aaron and Henry enlisted in the 4th U.S. Colored Troops (USCT) in Havre de Grace. Of more than two hundred county men who joined the USCT, twenty-six served in that regiment. Appointed Color Sergeant and described by fellow Medal of Honor recipient Christian Fleetwood as a "magnificent specimen of manhood...splendidly proportioned," Hilton carried the United States flag through several engagements around Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia, in June-September 1864. On September 29, Hilton was mortally wounded at the Battle of New Market Heights east of Richmond. He died on October 21 at the U.S. General Hospital at Fort Monroe and is buried at Hampton National
Cemetery. According to the posthumous Medal of Honor citation, "When the regimental color fell, this soldier seized the color and carried it forward, together with the national standard until disabled at the enemy's inner line." Hilton's brothers and many local 4th USCT veterans returned to Harford County after the war.Alfred R. Hilton, Harford County's sole Civil War Medal of Honor recipient and one of only 16 African Aamerican recipients for valor duringf the wqar, was born about 1837 and reared here on his father's farm in the free black community of Gravel Hill. He was one of manumitted slaves Isaac and Harriet Hilton's 14 children. Like Havre de Grace, Berkley and Kalmia, Gravel Hill was a post on the :Underground Railroad before 1864. In 1860, the county's 3,664 free blacks were double the number of slaves and constituted 16 percent of the total population.Excerpt from Hilton's Medal of Honor citation in English and French, prepared for "the Negro Exhibit of the American Section at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900."Center Photo4th U.S. Colored Infantry, Co. E.Bottom Left DrawingU.S. Colored Troops in action, Harper's Weekly, March 14, 1863Center BottomMedal of HonorRight Side DocumentCopy of Medal of Honor Citation
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Details
HM NumberHM1QBG
Series This marker is part of the Medal of Honor Recipients series
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, January 3rd, 2016 at 1:01pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 400046 N 4380306
Decimal Degrees39.56663333, -76.16363333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 33.998', W 76° 9.818'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 33' 59.88" N, 76° 9' 49.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)443, 410
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4033-4035 Gravel Hill Rd, Havre de Grace MD 21078, US
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