Fighting in Hawkins County Historical

Fighting in Hawkins County Historical (HM1UBL)

Location: Surgoinsville, TN 37873 Hawkins County
Country: United States of America

N 36° 28.1', W 82° 51.083'

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Inscription

Surgoinsville and the War

Land, timber, and commercial opportunities drew settlers here to the banks of the Holston River. As the Civil War approached, the river's importance in the Tennessee Valley made it a contested transportation route. Hawkins County residents mostly voted against secession, but pockets of Confederate support existed.

The nearby Lyons store and post office, the commercial hub of Surgoinsville, became a focus of activity for Confederate supporters. On May 21, 1862, Clinton G. Lyons and Frank L. Phipps organized Co. A. 12th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion, there. Phipps was elected captain while Lyons, son of the store's Pennsylvania born owner Williams Lyons, was first elected lieutenant and later captain. The next month, when Confederate Gen. Kirby Smith planned to invade Kentucky, he wrote, "I think I shall order Colonel (James W.) Starnes to Rogersville to scout in Hawkins and Hancock (Counties). ...If Captain Phipps's Company from Hawkins County can be found, ...they could act as guides for him."

The war drew close to Surgoinsville in 1863, when an engagement occurred a few miles south at Big Creek on November 6. Confederate Gen. William E. Jones and his cavalry brigade surprised the regiments of Union Col. Israel Garrard, 7th Ohio Cavalry, and Maj. Daniel Carpenter, 2nd East Tennessee Mounted Infantry, and soundly defeated
them.

Clinton Lyons survived the war and returned home to a county that remained divided for many years thereafter. He and his wife reared six children.

(captions)
Gen. Kirby Smith
Gen. William E. Jones
Cavalry Calsh
Kentucky and Tennessee, 1862
All images courtesy Library of Congress
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Details
HM NumberHM1UBL
Tags
Year Placed2016
Placed ByTennesse Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 12th, 2016 at 5:03pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 334122 N 4037488
Decimal Degrees36.46833333, -82.85138333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 28.1', W 82° 51.083'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 28' 6" N, 82° 51' 4.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1702 Main St, Surgoinsville TN 37873, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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