Fort de la Caroline

Fort de la Caroline (HMVCQ)

Location: Jacksonville, FL 32225 Duval County
Country: United States of America

N 30° 23.212', W 81° 30.024'

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Inscription

Fort Caroline National Monument

— Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve —

"[The Spaniards] made a horrible, tragic slaughter of our forces, so great was the anger and hatred they had for our nation. They vied with one another to see who could best cut the throats of our people..."
1565 la Caroline carpenter Nicolas le Chaileux

Jean Ribault arrived at la Caroline on August 28, 1565, with reinforcements for the failing colony. On Ribault's heels stood a Spanish flotilla bent on ejecting the French. Escaping near-capture, Ribault sailed south to destroy the Spanish. A violent storm wrecked his fleet.

Assuming that la Caroline was now vulnerable, Spanish commander Pedro Men?ndez ordered an overland assault; a French traitor led 500 Spaniards through jungle and swamp to capture the poorly guarded French colony. The Spaniards killed 143 French colonists, but spared 70 women and children. Laudonni?re, le Moyne, and 40-50 others escaped into the woods and eventually back to France. Only one Spaniard died.

Seeking revenge, a French force led by Dominique de Gourgues returned to Fort de la Caroline (now called San Mateo) in April 1568. With Timucuan help the French surprised the Spaniards and captured the fort, Gourgues sailed home and the Spanish reoccupied the fort until 1569.
Details
HM NumberHMVCQ
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 22nd, 2014 at 3:05am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17R E 451925 N 3361760
Decimal Degrees30.38686667, -81.50040000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 23.212', W 81° 30.024'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 23' 12.72" N, 81° 30' 1.44" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)904
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4721 Mariners Point Dr, Jacksonville FL 32225, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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Nearby Markersshow on map
The Building of la Caroline
0.04 miles
Timucuan Friends
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The River of May
0.18 miles
Spanish Pond
0.34 miles
Staking a Claim
0.65 miles
Ribault Monument
0.66 miles
New France
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Timucuan Preserve
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Yellow Bluff Fort
3.41 miles
Jean Ribaut
4.19 miles
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