Old Bridges at this Location

Old Bridges at this Location (HME9H)

Location: Salem, NJ 08079 Salem County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 30.526', W 75° 27.638'

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Inscription

Hancocks Bridge and the Revolution War

Old Bridges at this Location
The first bridge across Alloways Creek at this location was built by John Hancock and others in 1709 and was known as Hancocks Bridge.

The same year (1709) two other bridges were built across Alloways Creek, one at Alloway, known as Thompson's Bridge, and the other at Quinton, often referred to as Quinton's Bridge.

Various other wooden bridges were built and rebuilt to replace the original bridge at this location. The last wooden bridge being built in 1847 by the Salem County Board of Chosen Freeholders.

On August 12, 1885, the construction of an iron truss swing bridge was authorized by the Board of Chosen Freeholders. This bridge was built at a cost of $8,517.92. On January 13, 1886, another contract was awarded for the sum of $1,835.00 to construct an additional span of fifty feet. Therefore, the cost of the iron swing bridge, which served this location from 1886 to 1952, was constructed at a cost of $10,352.92. The new bridge constructed in 1952-53 cost $532,894.00, one-half of which was assumed by the Federal Government.

Hancocks Bridge and the Revolution War
The bridge at this location figures largely in early American History. The bridge was used by the Americans to haul cattle and provisions to Gen. Washington at Valley Forge from the fertile lands to the south. With the British moving into Salem, and the Americans holding the south side of Aloes (Alloways) Creek. The rebels decided to destroy the draw of the bridge in order to prevent a frontal attack.

However, the British decided to attack from the south, going by boat to an inlet about seven miles south of Aloes Creek. Because of the strong tide, they had to land at the mouth of Aloes Creek and cross the meadows to surprise the garrison at Hancocks Bridge. This resulted in the massacre at the Hancock House on the night of March 20, 1778, by Major John Graves Simcoe. On the morning of March 21, 1778, Major Simcoe relaid the bridge (by planks) and joined forces with Lt. Col. Mitchell, who had waited all night on the north side of the bridgeless stream.
Details
HM NumberHME9H
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 2nd, 2014 at 4:47am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 460400 N 4373338
Decimal Degrees39.50876667, -75.46063333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 30.526', W 75° 27.638'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 30' 31.56" N, 75° 27' 38.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)856, 609
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2-16 County Hwy 606, Salem NJ 08079, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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