Former Site of Capitol, Republic of TexasTexas won its independence from Mexico on April 21, 1836, and became a separate nation. Within a few months the Republic of Texas's Congress selected the recently-founded town of Houston as the new nation's temporary capital.In their campaign to have Houston selected as the seat of government, the Allen brothers promised to erect a Capitol. Hastily constructed of timber brought from Maine, this building served as government headquarters until late 1839 when the capital was moved to Waterloo, later renamed Austin. When the capital relocated, this building became the Capitol Hotel.Photo: Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public LibraryThe founders of Houston named their town for General Sam Houston, who led the Texian forces to victory at the Battle of San Jacinto near the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and the San Jacinto River. Immediately after the town was founded, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.Photo: Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public LibraryVarious flags were used during the Texas Revolution. After the Republic was formed, several attempts were made to design an official one. In January 1839 this design was adopted as the national emblem. It remains the flag
of the State of Texas today.