Observing the Stars

Observing the Stars (HM1YSN)

Location: , Guanajuato San Miguel de Allende
Country: Mexico

N 20° 51.496', W 100° 55.684'

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Observando los astrosEn distintas partes de Mesoamérica y del mundo, las sociedades antiguas usaron un sistema para medir el tiempo utilizando como referencia el movimiento del Sol, ya que durante un año hace un recorrido entre dos extremos. Para ello, se ubicaban los puntos de la salida de éste en el horizonte, de ahí el nombre con el que se conoce: calendario de horizonte.Partiendo del solsticio de verano, la salida del Sol se va desplazando día a día en el horizonte, hasta llegar al otro extremo en el solsticio de invierno, para luego regresar. El punto medio es el equinoccio de otoño y el de primavera. En Cañada de la Virgen también fue utilizado este calendario, pues sabemos que el Sol sale sobre el pórtico - en la plataforma este del Complejo A - los días 17 de abril y 25 de agosto, es decir, en fechas asociadas con la temporada de lluvias en la región. Recientes observaciones nos confirman que además la Luna y sus distintas fases sirvieron para contabilizar el tiempo. Existe el registro de un antiguo calendario otomí vinculado a la Luna, cuerpo celeste que muchas veces está asociado con la transformación. Sabemos que el Sol y la Luna fueron en Cañada de la Virgen la pareja mítica primordial y por su advocación de Señor y Señora del Monte, o de los dueños del cerro, era quienes regulaban
la explotación de los recursos naturales, Creencias que están vigentes hasta la actualidad.English:Observing the starsIn different parts of Mesoamerica and elsewhere in the World, ancient societies had a system for measuring time that used as a reference point the sun's movement, as it travels between two extreme points during a year. For this, the points from where the Sun rises on the horizon are noted hence the name: horizon calendar.Beginning at the summer solstice, the point where the sun rises shifts along the horizon until it reaches the other end at the winter solstice, and then returns.
Such a calendar was also used at Cañada de la Virgen, as we can see that the sun comes out over the porch - located on the eastern Platform of Complex A - on April 17th and August 25Th, that is, dates associated with the rainy season in this region. Recent observations confirm that the moon and its different phases were also used to count time. There are records of an ancient Otomí calendar linked to the moon, the celestial body often associated with transformation. We know that the and sun and the moon were the primordial mythical pair in the Cañada de la Virgen belief system, and from their names as Lord and Lady of the Mount, or as Master and Mistress of the Hill, it was they who regulated the exploitation of the natural
resources. These beliefs still prevail.
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HM NumberHM1YSN
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Placed ByConsejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, June 7th, 2017 at 9:03am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 299401 N 2307663
Decimal Degrees20.85826667, -100.92806667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 20° 51.496', W 100° 55.684'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds20° 51' 29.76" N, 100° 55' 41.04" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, Guanajuato , MX
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