The Battle of Tongue River

The Battle of Tongue River (HM1M6A)

Location: Ranchester, WY 82839 Sheridan County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 54.283', W 107° 9.771'

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Inscription

Wyoming

      On this site during the early morning hours of August 29, 1865, General Patrick Edward Connor led over 200 troops in an attack on Chief Black Bear's Arapaho village. Connor had departed from Fort Laramie on July 30th with 184 wagons, a contingent of Pawnee scouts, nearly 500 cavalrymen and the aging Jim Bridger as guide. His column was one of three comprising the Powder River Indian Expedition sent to secure the Bozeman and other emigrant trails leading to the Montana mining fields.       During the Battle of Tongue River, Connor was able to inflict serious damage on the Arapahos, but an aggressive counter attack forced him to retreat back to the newly established Fort Connor (later renamed Reno) on the banks of the Powder River. There he received word that he had been reassigned to his old command in the District of Utah.       The Powder River Expedition, one of the most comprehensive campaigns against the Plains Indians, never completely succeeded. Connor had planned a complex operation only to be defeated by bad weather, inhospitable terrain and hostile Indians. Long term effects of the Expedition proved detrimental to the interests of the Powder River tribes. The Army, with the establishment of Fort Connor (Reno), increased public awareness on this area which in turn caused more emigrants to use the Bozeman Trail. This led to public demands for government protection of travelers on their way to Montana gold fields.
Details
HM NumberHM1M6A
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, July 24th, 2015 at 10:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13T E 329251 N 4974641
Decimal Degrees44.90471667, -107.16285000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 54.283', W 107° 9.771'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 54' 16.98" N, 107° 9' 46.26" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)307
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 508 Gillette St, Ranchester WY 82839, US
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