In 1961 and again in 1973, Iraq had claimed that the nation of Kuwait was part of Iraq. On August 2, 1990, Iraq troop invaded the disputed area claimed by Kuwait. Iraqi invaders looted Kuwait, then headed toward Saudi Arabia. For several months, the United States organized an international coalition against Iraqi aggression. On January 16, 1991, the U.S. and it's allies launched Operation Desert Storm by staging a massive assault against Iraq. On February 23, a successful air and ground offensive was launched from Saudi Arabia, which liberated Kuwait and defeated the Iraqi Forces. A cease-fire was announced on February 28th. Operation Desert Storm was over. Although the war was a decisive military victory for the U.S.-led coalition, the property damage in Kuwait and Iraq was enormous.