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historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM22S9_mary-smith-kelsey-peake_Hampton-VA.html
Born free in Norfolk in 1823, Mary Peake devoted herself to the education of African Americans. About 1850, she founded the Daughters of Zion to aid the poor and the sick. A seamstress by day, Peake violated state law to teach her fellow blacks at…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YNH_a-2-polaris_Hampton-VA.html
Polaris was a deterrent and retaliatory missile specifically designed for launch from a ballistic missile submarine while submerged (or surfaced) to strike a target some 1,500 miles away. A typical submarine carried 16 of these missiles which coul…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YNG_m-2-corporal_Hampton-VA.html
The Army's Corporal was the first U.S. ballistic missile originally developed by the Jet Propulsion Lab in Pasadena, California. It was powered by a liquid-fuel rocket engine and carried either a high explosive or nuclear warhead. A surface-to-sur…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YNF_ajax_Hampton-VA.html
Beginning from the early 1950's into the 1960's, during the Cold War era, concerns created the need for basing surface-to-air missiles near U.S. military installations. Built for the U.S. Army by Western Electric and initially deployed in 1953, th…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YMX_mercury-test-capsule_Hampton-VA.html
This is a test capsule of America's first manned spacecraft for Project Mercury. Engineer's had to devise a vehicle that would protect the human being from the temperature extremes, vacuum, the newly discovered radiation of space and high-speed re…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YMW_a-7e-corsair-ii_Hampton-VA.html
The A-7E Corsair II was first flown by on November 25, 1969, after the Navy decided that the A7-A & B needed more power and improved avionics. The A-7E was powered by a naval version of the 15,000 lbs Allison/Rolls-Royce TF41-A-2 turbofan engine, …
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YMV_f-101f-voodoo_Hampton-VA.html
Designed as a penetrator and long-range escort fighter, the F-101 Voodoo first appeared in 1954. The design was based on the earlier prototype XF-88, and no actual prototype F-101 was built. Later versions were used as long-range interceptors and …
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YMU_f-89j-scorpion_Hampton-VA.html
First proposed in December of 1945, the F-89 Scorpion was designed as a replacement for the P-61 Black Widow. The first flight was on August 16, 1948. A novel design of the aircraft was the use of "decelerons," split ailerons that could …
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YMT_rf-4c-phantom-ii_Hampton-VA.html
The Phantom II is one of the most successful modern aircraft designs, with over 5,000 built. Developed for the U.S. Navy, it was also flown by the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Marine Corps, and was also sold too many foreign countries. Capable of speed…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM1YMS_f-105d-thunderchief_Hampton-VA.html
The F-105 Thunderchief was the last airplane produced by Republic Aviation before it became part of Fairchild Hiller. The Thunder chief was originally a private-venture study as a follow-on to the F-84F. Intended as a fighter bomber, it served a s…
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