JOHN MARSHALL, Chief Justice of the United States, and principal founder of judicial review and of the American system of constitutional law was born in a log cabin just east of here on September 24, 1755. At that time, this location was near Germantown, a frontier mining settlement in the western portion of Prince William County, which became a part of Fauquier County in 1759.Frontiersman - SOLDIER - Diplomat - JURIST - Statesman - LAWYER
JOHN MARSHALL first served his country as one of the Culpeper Minutemen during the Revolutionary War. He studied law at the College of William and Mary and was admitted to the Fauquier County Bar in 1780. He was a member of the Virginia Assembly and the United States Congress. While serving as Secretary of State during the presidency of John Adams, he was appointed Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
JOHN MARSHALL died on July 6, 1835, during the thirty-fifth year of his Chief Justiceship and the eightieth year of his life. It is believed that from his joyous childhood spent largely out-of-doors amid the simple conditions of the Virginia wilderness, John Marshall derived the excellent health of body, the strength of character, and the serenity of mind that characterized his honorable life.
(Caption under John Marshall Portrait): Chief Justice John Marshall, by John B. Martin, circa 1834. Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States.
(Caption for illustration): Artist's conception of the first sitting of the Supreme Court under John Marshall, by unknown artist, 1955. Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States.