Triumphant from their spectacular victory in the Battles of Saratoga, American troops pursued British forces that retreated to these grounds. After a brief siege, the British surrendered, marched down this hill and laid down their weapons on October 17, 1777 - a crucial event in winning American independence.
One hundred years later - as America recovered from a divisive Civil War and opened its arms to millions of immigrants - Centennial celebrations focused on the "noble" Revolutionary War spirit to heal, educate, and guide the young country forward, and inspired local citizens to build the 155' granite Monument in honor of a hometown victory that helped forge a democratic nation.
"Let our hurrying crowd pause for a time before the monument... they will have rest of mind, of body, of nerves and above all, that they find incentive for noble action beyond." —Ellen Hardin Walworth, 1891
A climb to the top via a stairway of nearly 200 steps provides a panoramic view of the surround countryside. Visitors unable to make the steep climb may enjoy a look at a photo book of the Monument's restored features and views from its summit.