Camp Mast Historical

Camp Mast Historical (HM1WFW)

Location: Sugar Grove, NC 28679 Watauga County
Country: United States of America

N 36° 15.793', W 81° 47.116'

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Watauga County Home Guard

In July 1863, Gov. Zebulon B. Vance created the Home Guard to protect communities and capture deserters, Unionists, and bushwhackers. The Guard was made up of men not liable for conscription because of age, health, and other reasons. Capt. Harvey Bingham commanded Watauga County's contingent, the 11th Battalion North Carolina Home Guard. Later, Bingham was promoted to major and the unit was enlarged to include two companies: A, under Capt. George McGuire, and B, under Capt. Jordan Cook. The county's first Home Guard camp was located farther up Cove Creek, while the second, Camp Mast, was constructed just across the creek in 1864. While one company manned the camp, the men in the other unit remained at home.

In February 1865, a Federal officer traditionally identified as Capt. James Champion led 103 men from the Unionist stronghold of Banner Elk and surrounded Camp Mast at night. McGuire and the men of Company A, on duty here at the time, were caught by surprise in the morning. McGuire polled his men and found that sixty favored surrender while eleven voted to fight it out. He surrendered, and Champion destroyed the camp and marched his prisoners west through Banner Elk to Ibnnessee. Once they crossed the state line to Shell Creek, the men who had voted to surrender were paroled and set free, while the rest ,were marched to
a Federal prison in Columbus, Ohio.

Harvey Bingham enlisted in Co. E, 37th North Carolina troops in September 1861, He was promoted to lieutenant in December 1861. Bingham was wounded in the head during the Second Battle of Manassas in August 1862 and resigned soon thereafter. In mid-1863, he was appointed captain (later major), 11th Battalion North Carolina Home Guard. After the war, Bingham moved to Statesville, where he practiced law.
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Placed ByNorth Carolina Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, January 5th, 2017 at 9:01pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 429461 N 4013429
Decimal Degrees36.26321667, -81.78526667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 15.793', W 81° 47.116'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 15' 47.58" N, 81° 47' 6.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)828
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 207 Dale Adams Rd, Sugar Grove NC 28679, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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