Smokehouse/Dairy Historical

Smokehouse/Dairy Historical (HM1WA0)

Location: Charlottesville, VA 22902 Albemarle County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 0.57', W 78° 27.15'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 93 views
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Inscription
In the long, three-celled wooden structure that stood here between ca. 1790 and 1809, Jefferson combined two of what he considered "indispensable" elements of a Virginia plantation, the "smoke house" and "dairy." His unusual design placed "two meat-houses" with a "passage between" for a dairy under one roof. Enslaved men and women cut, salted, and cured the meat in the smokehouses; the women made cream and butter in the dairy. Jefferson's daughter Martha Randolph, like other plantation mistresses in Virginia, often supervised these activities; in 1791, she visited the "smoke house and fowls" and saw "the meat cut out." The smokehouse and dairy moved to the newly completed dependencies under the South Terrace in 1809.


m. a house 43 1/2 f. by 16. f. of wood, the floors of earth, used as a smoke house for meat, and a dairy.
Thomas Jefferson, 1796

The Workers
In December 1799, Jefferson asked his overseer to "have necessary attention paid to the meat." John, an enslaved carpenter, shepherd, and gardener, was to cut up the pork and beef. Ursula Granger, a laundress and pastry-cook who "unites trust & skill" was to "salt it and see that it is properly cured and managed." The cured meat was intended for overseers, enslaved people, Jefferson's household. and sometimes free white artisans.

Weekly Rations
Pork and cornmeal were the staples of the slave diet across Virginia. The weekly ration for an adult at Monticello was a peck (8 quarts) of cornmeal and a half-pound to a pound of pork. In 1811, Jefferson's household consumed about as many hogs as did 115 slaves. Overseers' wages often included pork, beef, cornmeal, and flour.

Lock and Key
Jefferson specified that "the smoaking & other attentions to the meat must be very exact" and that the cured beef and pork be kept under lock and key. Thefts still persisted. Martha Randolph reported to her father in 1798, "your smoke house was under mined and seventeen pieces of meat taken out."
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Details
HM NumberHM1WA0
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, December 13th, 2016 at 9:01pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 723652 N 4209931
Decimal Degrees38.00950000, -78.45250000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 0.57', W 78° 27.15'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 0' 34.2000" N, 78° 27' 9.0000" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)434
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 949 Monticello Loop, Charlottesville VA 22902, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
The Levy Legacy
0 miles
Discovering Mulberry Row
0.02 miles
Mulberry Row
0.03 miles
Textiles
0.04 miles
Nail-Making
0.04 miles
Mulberry Row Historical
0.06 miles
Nursery Historical
0.06 miles
Wood Trades
0.06 miles
Ice House
0.08 miles
Slave Housing Historical
0.08 miles

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. This marker needs at least one picture.
  2. Is this marker part of a series?
  3. What historical period does the marker represent?
  4. What historical place does the marker represent?
  5. What type of marker is it?
  6. What class is the marker?
  7. What style is the marker?
  8. Does the marker have a number?
  9. What year was the marker erected?
  10. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?