Castro Street Historical Timeline Historical

Castro Street Historical Timeline Historical (HM1VTJ)

Location: San Francisco, CA 94114 San Francisco County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 45.723', W 122° 26.112'

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Nineteen tablets embedded in the sidewalk line each side of Castro Street between Market Street and 19th Street.

Before 1776 The native Yelamu people live nearby in the village of Hutchuei, relocating each winter to the bayside village of Sitlintac. A creek flows past grassland and chaparral toward the bay along the path of today's 18th Street.

1776 Spanish colonists name the local creek Arroyo de los Dolores and established Mission San Francisco de Asis (Mission Dolores) near its banks. The Mission Dolores system dismantles ancient Yelamu society, and disease decimated the population.

1846 Mexico grants former Mission lands to citizens, including Jose de Jesus Noe, the last Mexican alcalde (mayor) of Yerba Buena (San Francisco). Noe's 4,444 acre Rancho San Miquel encompasses area later known as Eureka Valley.

1854 American settler John Horner purchases a portion of Rancho San Miquel. Castro Street ,named after a prominent Mexican-era Californio family, marks the western border of the nascent neighborhood known as Horner's Addition.

1895 Five room cottages on Castro Street rent for about $15 a month. Transit improvements, including the Castro Street Cable Car, spur settlement by working class Irish, German, and Scandinavian
families in the late 19th century.

1902 Most Holy Redeemer Catholic Church is built at Diamond and 18th Stree. For many decades residents refer to the neighborhood as the Most Holy Redeemer Parish rather than Eureka Valley.

1907 The Swedish American Hall opens at 2174 Market Street. Upper Market Street in Eureka Valley come to be known for its concentrations of social clubs, churches, and businesses serving the neighborhood's large Scandinavian community.

1914 Thousands attend the first known festival on Castro Street to celebrate the groundbreaking of the Twin Peaks Tunnel. The San Francisco Chronicle declares the celebration "a riot of hilarity and merry making." The tunnel opens in 1918.

1922 The Wasser brothers open the Castro Theatre, the first movie palace designed by prominent architect Timothy Pflueger. An early usherette at the theatre, Janet Gaynor, goes on to win best actress at the first Academy Awards in 1929.

1943 Castro Street becomes nationally known as the setting of Mama's Bank Account, a novel by local Norwegian American author Kathryn Forbes. It inspires the Broadway play I Remember Mama as well a 1948 movie and 1950s television series.

1953 Lesbian couple Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon move into their first home together in San
Francisco on Castro Street. They help establish the Daughters of Bilitis, the first national lesbian rights organization.

1963 The Missouri Mule opens as the first gat bar in Eureka Valley, which soon becomes known as the Castro. In 1972 Twin Peaks Tavern becomes the first U.S. Gay Bar with clear, full length windows, a sign of the the community's growing pride.

1977 Castro resident merchant and activist Harvey Milk, known as "The Mayor of Castro Street," is elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors becoming one of the first openly gay elected officials in the country.

1978 San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk and Mayor George Moscone are assassinated November 27. As news of the tragedy spreads, tens of thousands of mourners spontaneously gathers on Castro Street and form a candlelight march to City Hall.
1979 The assassin of Supervisor Milk and Mayor Moscone is a cleared of murder charges. The jury verdict outrages the gay community, spurring riots at City Hall and a retaliatory police ransacking of the Elephant Walk Bar at 900 Castro Street.

1981 Bobbi Campbell, RN, posts first notice about "Gay Cancer" on Star Pharmacy's window at 498 Castro Street. Later identified as AIDS, the pandemic devastates the Castro. Campbell becomes a leading activist in the fight against the disease.

1982 The Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, a queer activist and charity group, founded in 1979 organized one of the world's first AIDS related fundraisers, a dog show on Castro Street. Local resident and disco star Sylvester is one of the judges.

1987 Cleve Jones's concept for an AIDS memorial quilt becomes the NAMES Project at 2362 Market Street. Throughout the 1980s numerous organizations take root in the Castro to fight for awareness, treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS.

2013 National attention turns to the Castro as thousands gather to celebrate the U.S. Supreme Court decision allowing same sex marriages in California, marking a milestone in the neighborhood's historic role as a center for LGBT rights.
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, November 20th, 2016 at 5:02pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10S E 549747 N 4179564
Decimal Degrees37.76205000, -122.43520000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 45.723', W 122° 26.112'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 45' 43.38" N, 122° 26' 6.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)415, 510, 916
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 430 Castro St, San Francisco CA 94114, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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