Why build the mounds? Historical

Why build the mounds? Historical (HM1VSC)

Location: Forest, VA 24551 Bedford County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 20.872', W 79° 15.903'

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Inscription
Thomas Jefferson's landscape design of house and mounds may have been influenced by Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio's five-part plan for a villa (left) — pavilion, hyphen, main block, hyphen, pavilion.

In his innovative design, Jefferson substituted a double row of trees for the hyphens and earthen mounds for the pavilions. Slaves created the mounds with soil from the house foundation and lawn.

Jefferson directed that each mound be covered with Weeping Willows, Golden Willows and Aspens. Five years later he asked that flowering shrubs be planted, suggesting that the original trees may not have survived.

Archaeologists have found a planting hole relating to Jefferson's design on each mound. Future work will attempt to locate additional holes in order to understand the pattern of plantings and verify which plants were actually used.

(Timeline:)
1805-1806
Digging of the house basement

1807-1808
Digging of the south lawn

Feb. 27, 1811
"plant on each mound
4. weeping willows on the top in a square 20 f. apart
Golden Willows in a circle round the middle. 15 f. apart
Aspens in a circle round the foot. 15 f. apart"

May, 12. 1812
"soon as the green swerd (grass) seed is ripe, have [some] gathered by the negro children and sowed on all the naked parts [of the] mound..."

Nov. 1812
"plant a double row of paper mulberries from stairways to the Mounds"

Dec. 5, 1812
"planted Monto. Aspens...viz
12 round the Eastern mound & 4. round West do [ditto]...
planted also 2 European mulberries...as part of the double row from the Western mound towards the house."

Nov. 1, 1816
"Althaeas, Gelder roses, lilacs, calycanthus, in both mounds."
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Details
HM NumberHM1VSC
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, November 19th, 2016 at 9:02pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 653669 N 4134875
Decimal Degrees37.34786667, -79.26505000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 20.872', W 79° 15.903'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 20' 52.3200" N, 79° 15' 54.1800" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)434
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1008 Poplar Forest Dr, Forest VA 24551, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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