Milestones in Microbiology Historical

Milestones in Microbiology Historical (HM1VHA)

Location: New Brunswick, NJ 08901 Middlesex County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 28.85', W 74° 26.333'

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American Society for Microbiology

In 1901, Edward B. Vorhees established here the country's first academic Department of Soil Chemistry and Bacteriology. Early studies by Jacob Lipman, Selman Waksman, Robert Starkey, and René Dubos explored microbial roles in the nitrogen cycle, sulfur transformation, and the conversion of cellulose in the top soil. Their work laid the foundation for understanding the absolute centrality of microorganisms in recycling of biomass and other processes vital to the world's ecosystems.

These explorations also enhanced understanding of the symbolic and antagonistic relationships among soil microbes, providing the content for the first systematic search for naturally occurring antibacterial substances. Under Waksman's direction, this program led to the discovery of many of the first important antibiotics (a term coined by Waksman): actinomycin A, streptomycin, neomycin B, and candician. The extraordinary impact of these discoveries spurred the development of antibiotic research in the mid-20th century, leading to dramatic improvements in public health worldwide.

The contributions of the Rutgers Soil Microbiology program exemplify the ideals of the microbiological sciences: to advance the understanding of basic life processes, and to apply that knowledge to improve health and economic and environmental well being.
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Placed By 2002 by the American Society for Microbiology
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, November 2nd, 2016 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 547559 N 4481278
Decimal Degrees40.48083333, -74.43888333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 28.85', W 74° 26.333'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 28' 51" N, 74° 26' 19.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)732, 908
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , New Brunswick NJ 08901, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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