The Cow Creeks Historical

The Cow Creeks Historical (HM1VEG)

Location: Oakland, OR 97462 Douglas County
Country: United States of America

N 43° 28.596', W 123° 19.253'

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A Tale of Strong Recovery

The story of the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians is a tale of perseverance and strong recovery in the face of great loss. Epidemics and hostilities with miners let to large population declines. The tribe entered into a treaty with the United States in 1853, and ceded nearly 800 square miles for less than three cents an acre. This treaty left them without access to traditional hunting and gathering areas or a land base to build upon.

Despite a treaty with the U.S. Government - one of Oregon's first - clearly defining boundaries of their homelands, a federal program of Indian removal attempted to forcibly remove the Cow Creeks to reservations in northwest Oregon. Many members eluded capture by hiding in remote parts of the region - seven core families maintained a continuous presence in the area. The U.S. Government ceased pursuing them by the 1870s, and tribal families began to gradually emerge from hiding.

The 1853 treaty provided for various services that the U.S. Government disregarded for nearly 130 years. The Cow Creeks sued the United States for restoration of federal recognition in 1982, and a monetary settlement of $1.25 per acre for lands ceded (1855 prices) was awarded in 1984. The tribe placed the entire settlement in an endowment account using interest earnings for economic
development and tribal programs. In 1992, the Cow Creeks began a substantial economic development program in Canyonville with economic self-sufficiency as their goal.
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Placed ByOregon Travel Information Council
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 29th, 2016 at 5:01pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10T E 474048 N 4813792
Decimal Degrees43.47660000, -123.32088333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 28.596', W 123° 19.253'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 28' 35.76" N, 123° 19' 15.18" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)541
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near I-5, Oakland OR 97462, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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