Champ Ferguson Historical

Champ Ferguson Historical (HM1V54)

Location: Crossville, TN 38571 Cumberland County
Country: United States of America

N 35° 55.7', W 84° 54.817'

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Confederate Partisan of the Cumberlands

Samuel "Champ" Ferguson was the most notorious Confederate guerilla leader in the Upper Cumberland mountains. In 1861, he formed a company and began attacking Unionist partisans. Such irregular forces were common on both sides during the war, especially in areas where opinion was divided between Unionists and secessionists. They protected the property of civilians on their own side while looting and killing those on the opposing side, and harassed enemy troops and supply lines.

In official military correspondence, Ferguson held the rank of captain although he usually operated independently. At other times, however, he acted in concert with regular forces. In 1862, Gen. E. Kirby Smith authorized him to raise a cavalry company and operate along the volatile Kentucky-Tennessee border. That same year, Ferguson guided Gen. John Hunt Morgan's first Kentucky raid. In August 1864, Ferguson served in Georgia under Gen. Joseph Wheeler to harass Union Gen. William T. Sherman's army during the March to the Sea. That fall, Ferguson fought in the Battle of Saltville, Virginia, and was later charged with involvement in the massacre of U.S. Colored Troops prisoners.

Ferguson surrendered to Federal authorities in May 1865, supposing he would be treated as a Confederate soldier and paroled. Instead, he was tried in Nashville for war
crimes including 53 murders, was convicted of many of them, and was hanged on October 20, 1865. He is buried in White County near Sparta. Capt. Heinrich H. Wirz, commander of the notorious Andersonville prison camp, was the only other Confederate prisoner was was executed.
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HM NumberHM1V54
Placed ByTennesse Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 18th, 2016 at 9:04am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 688223 N 3978011
Decimal Degrees35.92833333, -84.91361667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 55.7', W 84° 54.817'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 55' 42" N, 84° 54' 49.02" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)931
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near I-40, Crossville TN 38571, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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