Indians Historical

Indians Historical (HM1V4D)

Location: Cape Charles, VA 23310 Northampton County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 13.727', W 76° 0.198'

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First People Of The Eastern Shore

When the English first visited the Eastern Shore in 1608, they found an area which had been inhabited for centuries by Algonquian Indian Tribes. Today archaeologists have found on or near the Arlington Plantation, shards of ceramics known as Roanoke ware and ossuaries burial bundles from the Early Archaic (8000-6500 B.C.) through the late Woodland Contact period.

Research indicates that the village of Accawmack, seat of Esmy Shichans, the Laughing King, was at the mouth of Old Plantation Creek, as was later the Custis mansion. By 1622 Thomas Savage, an interpreter and English settler, had established a home nearby on land given to him by Esmy Shichans, and their friendship made for a peaceful environment between the Indians and the English planters living in the southern part of the peninsula.

However, after the deaths of both Shichans and Savage, relationships changed as planters pushed for more and more land on which to grow corn and tobacco. By the l64O's, some Indians (now known as the Gingaskins) remained in the Old Plantation Creek area, but many moved to acreage farther north on the Shore. Relations between the two groups became increasingly strained and contacts shifted from friendly to warlike skirmishes and bitter legal battles. By 1700 the Indians on the Shore passed from a position of prominence
to one of virtual insignificance.
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HM NumberHM1V4D
Placed ByArlington Foundation, Inc
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 17th, 2016 at 9:04am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 410997 N 4120724
Decimal Degrees37.22878333, -76.00330000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 13.727', W 76° 0.198'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 13' 43.62" N, 76° 0' 11.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)757
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2116-2240 County Rd 644, Cape Charles VA 23310, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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