The Early Years In Asheville's Historic Central Square Historical

The Early Years In Asheville's Historic Central Square Historical (HM1UTV)

Location: Asheville, NC 28801 Buncombe County
Country: United States of America

N 35° 35.691', W 82° 33.087'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 83 views
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Inscription
Buncombe County was carved out of a magnificent mountain landscape etched by indigenous trails and scattered settlements. The bill creating the county was ratified on January 14, 1792.

In 1793, the county's first official courthouse, a jail and stocks were built at the west end of what is now Pack Square. The small log structure marked the county seat, later named Asheville, and was the first of six courthouses located on the square. Until the end of the Civil War, slave auctions were typically held on the courthouse steps.

Isolated by distance and difficult terrain, Asheville's population was sparse until the arrival of the Buncombe Turnpike in 1827. The road linked the village to eastern Tennessee and markets to the south, opening it to travelers, goods and immense livestock drives that passed through the square every autumn. Food, supplies and overnight accommodations were suddenly in great demand. By 1830, the population of Asheville had grown to 350.

The arrival of the first train in October 1880 marked a similar transformation. Travelers were no longer subject to arduous stagecoach journeys, and goods and materials became easier to transport. Asheville became known as a health resort because of its clean air. Fashionable new hotels were built, and the first streetcar began its rounds in 1889. The
village was brimming with settlers and tourists who converged on the square for provisions, news and social events.

Many entrepreneurs arrived, including George Willis Pack and his wife, Frances, who came to Asheville from Ohio in 1884 and found a bustling community eager for growth. Pack became a community leader and philanthropist. He contributed to schools, parks, a library, a hospital and the 1898 Vance Monument, a memorial to North Carolina Governor and U.S. Senator Zebulon Baird Vance.

Local landmarks included the sixth Buncombe County Courthouse built in 1876 near the east end of the square. The three-story brick building had an opera hall on the third floor and was a far cry from the rustic courthouses of the early years. In 1901, Pack gave Buncombe County several acres of land on College Street for a new courthouse. The deed required the county to remove the old courthouse and forever dedicate the square as a public park. County officials complied and honored their benefactor by naming the park Pack Square on April 17, 1903.

George Willis Pack's dream of a beautiful city park in the heart of Asheville remained vital 100 years later when a citizens' group led the creation of Pack Square Park. In 2009, historic Pack Square became the first section of the new park to open.

All Photographs courtesy of North Carolina
Reference Desk Pack Memorial Library
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Details
HM NumberHM1UTV
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 4th, 2016 at 9:04am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 359454 N 3940120
Decimal Degrees35.59485000, -82.55145000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 35.691', W 82° 33.087'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 35' 41.46" N, 82° 33' 5.22" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)704, 828
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2 S Pack Square, Asheville NC 28801, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. This marker needs at least one picture.
  2. Is this marker part of a series?
  3. What historical period does the marker represent?
  4. What historical place does the marker represent?
  5. What type of marker is it?
  6. What class is the marker?
  7. What style is the marker?
  8. Does the marker have a number?
  9. What year was the marker erected?
  10. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?