Texas Trail - 1866 to 1897 Historical

Texas Trail - 1866 to 1897 Historical (HM1UPY)

Location: Upton, WY 82730 Weston County
Country: United States of America

N 43° 52.296', W 104° 47.886'

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Inscription
Following the Civil War, construction of the transcontinental Railroad opened the west, ensuring elimination of the buffalo herds, forcing Native American Indians onto reservations where the military provided food. The rails transported range fattened cattle to eastern markets. The range cattle industry spread over the central and northern plains, and became one of the most significant economic developments in late 19th century U.S. history.
Within a decade, cattle was king, providing: jobs for veterans, exotic investment opportunities for foreign investors, markets for excess grain produced by improved farming methods, food for eastern industrial centers and romantic visions of life in the west.
Leggy Texas longhorns moved as far north as Canada to take advantage of open range grazing and lucrative government contracts. These routes became known collectively as the "Texas Trail". One entered Wyoming near Cheyenne, headed north past Fort Laramie, Newcastle, Upton, into Moorcroft, and then west to northeast Wyoming. "We had been told that from the Cheyenne River to Powder River there was likely no water, which we surely found out.... The weathered was hot and at the end of the second day the cattle commenced to grind their teeth in their suffering...their groans were enough to raise the hair on a wooden Indian."
Eventually,
pioneers settled the open range and poor business practices combined with harsh weather forced the cattle barons to change their ways. By 1888 the volume of cattle driven from Texas north to the open plains dwindled, and by 1900 the drives had ceased altogether.
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Details
HM NumberHM1UPY
Tags
Placed ByWeston county Historical Society & Anna Miller Museum
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 27th, 2016 at 9:02pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13T E 516222 N 4857631
Decimal Degrees43.87160000, -104.79810000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 52.296', W 104° 47.886'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 52' 17.76" N, 104° 47' 53.16" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)307
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2014-2044 WY-116, Upton WY 82730, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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