Battle of Brandy Station Historical

Battle of Brandy Station Historical (HM1U5I)

Location: Brandy Station, VA 22714 Culpeper County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 30.569', W 77° 52.768'

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Battle for Fleetwood Hill

On the evening of June 8, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his headquarters staff camped on the northern edge of Fleetwood Hill. Early the next morning, heavy gunfire from the direction of Beverly's Ford (three miles to your left rear), alerted Stuart that his command was under heavy attack. This assaulting element of 5,800 troopers comprised the right wing of Union Gen. Alfred Pleasanton's Cavalry Corps. The left wing of 6,000 men crossed at Kelly's Ford, six miles to your left front. Part of that wing was stalled there. The remainder rode west, planning to swing north at Stevensburg and attack the Confederate rear, but was blocked at the village.

Mistakenly assuming that the attackers were only crossing Beverly's Ford, Stuart departed Fleetwood at about 8:00 A.M. to oversee the Confederate defense centered at St. James Church (one mile to your left rear), leaving behind his adjutant, Maj. Henry B. McClellan, to sustain the headquarters on Fleetwood Hill. At about 10:30, Union Gen. David M. Gregg's cavalry division arrived near the village of Brandy Station (1/2 mile to your left front) and prepared to seize Fleetwood Hill. McClellan urgently summoned Stuart back from St. James Church, and soon the momentous fight for mastery of Fleetwood Hill began in deadly earnest.

"General Gregg showed an enthusiasm I had never noticed. He started his horse on a gallop toward the hill, swing his gauntlets over his head and hurrahing, at the same time."
—Capt. Henry C. Meyer, 2nd New York Cavalry, USA

"General Stuart ordered every regiment to move on Fleetwood. It was a thrilling sight to see these dashing horsemen draw their sabers and start for the hill at a gallop."
—Capt. William W. Blackford, adie to Stuart, CSA
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Details
HM NumberHM1U5I
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails, Civil War Trust
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 6th, 2016 at 9:02am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 248925 N 4266275
Decimal Degrees38.50948333, -77.87946667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 30.569', W 77° 52.768'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 30' 34.14" N, 77° 52' 46.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 20362 Fleetwood Heights Rd, Brandy Station VA 22714, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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