Red Light Saloon / Chisholm Trail Historical

Red Light Saloon / Chisholm Trail Historical (HM1TIK)

Location: Caldwell, KS 67022 Sumner County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 1.996', W 97° 36.408'

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Red Light Saloon

On the NE corner of Chisholm and Ave A stood the Red Light Saloon which helped give Caldwell its reputation as the most lawless cowtown. In April, 1880 George and Mag Wood literally disassembled their Wichita saloon and brought to Caldwell what became its most murderous establishment. People killed here included marshals, cowboys, bystanders and even the owner when he tried to protect the honor of one of his "girls" who both lived and "worked" upstairs. Though liquor was illegal in Kansas by state law and illegal in the Indian Territory to the south by federal law, somehow Caldwell always had a good supply for the dusty cowboys. The drovers also looked forward to the Red Light and other saloons for their "ladies of the night" or, in Caldwell, the "Border Queens".
(see other side)

Chisholm Trail

Between 1865 and 1885 an observer standing here would have witnessed the forced passing of Native American Indians south into the Territory, hundreds of thousands of Texas longhorn cattle moving north to market, and westbound supply wagons taking foodstuffs to America's far flung military camps and outposts. Jesse Chisholm blazed his legendary trail between San Antonio and Abilene, though only about 150 miles of it between
Dover, Okla and Wichita was used for cattle. The trail was about 200 ~ 400 yards wide as it passed this marker toward the northeast. The trail was closed north of Caldwell in 1880 with the arrival of the Santa Fe Railroad. Chisholm, part Cherokee himself, was a scout, trader and explorer who died in 1868 before seeing his trail put to its greatest use, the cattle trade.

(see other side)
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Year Placed1993
Placed ByThe Caldwell Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, August 6th, 2016 at 5:02pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14S E 623910 N 4099470
Decimal Degrees37.03326667, -97.60680000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 1.996', W 97° 36.408'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 1' 59.76" N, 97° 36' 24.48" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)620
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2-98 KS-49, Caldwell KS 67022, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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