Washington's March to Trenton

Washington's March to Trenton (HM1SAF)

Location: Hopewell Township, NJ 08560 Mercer County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 17.448', W 74° 50.426'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 98 views
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Inscription

December 26th, 1776

— "My Noble Men! Press Onward! On!" —

On Christmas night, 1776, the Continental Army, under the command of General George Washington, crossed the Delaware River and began what is known as the Ten Crucial Days of the American Revolution. A few hundred feet from where you now stand, Washington's troops forded the icy waters of Jacob's Creek on their march to victory at Trenton.

4 AM Landing in New Jersey
Delayed by inclement weather and the difficulty of transporting heavy artillery, it was nearly 4 am by the time the army was fully across the Delaware River. News of the crossing quickly spread and local New Jersey volunteers joined the army as guides, helping the Continentals navigate the dark road and circuitous inland route.

Four hours behind schedule, the army trudged roughly a mile and a half inland from the river along an icy road and it came to a crossroads on the Bear Tavern. There the army turned southeast onto Bear Tavern Road, which was southward along high ground, directly toward the village of Trenton.
6 AM Jacobs Creek
Around 6 am, the army came to a large stream called Jacobs Creek. With no bridge in place, the army was forced to wade through the treacherous storm swelled creek waters. The army wasted yet more precious time securing their cannons to nearby trees, which they used as mooring ports to lower the guns to the bottom of the ravine through which the creek ran.

Once across the creek, the nearly two-ton guns had to be hauled up steep creek banks, while the men struggled to keep their footing against the cold, slippery conditions and fought off exhaustion.

7 AM Split at Birmingham
At the end of Bear Tavern Road, the column came to a small crossroads settlement called Birmingham (now West Trenton). It was nearly 7 am, and the army was still only half way to Trenton. As planned, Washington ordered the army to split, with General John Sullivan's division taking the southern River Road, and General Nathaniel Greene leading his division to the Upper Ferry Road.

Upper Ferry Road winded its way uphill from the river to Scotch Road and Pennington Road. Greene's division was ordered to set out from Birmingham first, while Sullivan, whose route was more direct and downhill, was told to "halt for a few minutes at the cross road which leads to Howell's Ferry," so that both divisions could reach Trenton at the same time.

7:30 AM Roadblocks
Around 7:30 am, the American columns were still about two miles from Trenton. The storm still raging, it was dark and difficult to see. The men struggled to keep their flints and powder dry. The advance parties were already in place, having worked through the night to set up roadblocks around Trenton and cut off all communications between the town and countryside in the west and north.

8 AM Attack
despite all odds, just after 8 am on December 26th, both wings of the Continental Army found themselves in place almost simultaneously. With all but one of the major routes out of Trenton now blocked, the Americans prepared for attack.

(Inscription in the box on the right) Ironically, the delays at the crossing of the Delaware and Jacob's Creek may actually have sealed the American victory at Trenton. After being on high alert all night because of an unauthorized raid by Adam Stephen's Fourth Virginia Regiment, the exhausted Hessian troops relaxed just enough after sunrise to be taken completely by surprise by Washington's attack.
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Details
HM NumberHM1SAF
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, May 22nd, 2016 at 9:01am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 513562 N 4460046
Decimal Degrees40.29080000, -74.84043333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 17.448', W 74° 50.426'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 17' 26.88" N, 74° 50' 25.56" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)908, 609
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 202 County Rte 579, Hopewell Township NJ 08560, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. This marker needs at least one picture.
  2. Is this marker part of a series?
  3. This markers needs some tags to help categorize the marker
  4. What historical period does the marker represent?
  5. What historical place does the marker represent?
  6. What type of marker is it?
  7. What class is the marker?
  8. What style is the marker?
  9. Does the marker have a number?
  10. What year was the marker erected?
  11. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  12. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  13. Is the marker in the median?