The Bayport Area Before Human Occupation/Bayport's First People

The Bayport Area Before Human Occupation/Bayport's First People (HM1RA3)

Location: Spring Hill, FL 34607 Hernando County
Country: United States of America

N 28° 32.152', W 82° 39.076'

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(side 1)
The Bayport Area Before Human Occupation

The fossilized remains of many prehistoric animals and plants are buried in the Bayport area. During the Eocene Period, 45 million years ago (MYA), the Gulf covered this region. Local Ocala limestone deposits contain marine remains of shells, plants, and mammal bones, including those of early shark toothed whales, now-extinct sea boas, and sea turtles. By the late Oligocene Period, 30 MYA, the shallow sea over west Florida began to recede, and land animals and plants began to live in the area. During the Early Miocene Period, 25-10 MYA, vast forests of conifers and deciduous trees supported giant pigs, rhinoceros, and small camels. Fossils of small rodents, carnivores, and early horses have been found in sinkholes near Brooksville. In the Late Miocene Period, 10-4.5 MYA, the fossil record shows that many species of the 3-toed horse were hunted by false saber toothed cats and bone eating dogs. Sea levels were lower during the Ice Age, 1.5 MYA-13,000 YA, and the Gulf's coast receded to 70 miles west of Bayport. Large mammals, such as mammoths, mastodons, ground sloths, and saber tooth cats roamed these coastal lowlands. Their fossilized remains have been found in Weeki Wachee Springs.

(side 1)
Bayport's First People

The first people who arrived in the Bayport area around 13,000 years ago are called Paleo-Indians. The Bayport area was much cooler and drier then, and the Gulf of Mexico was 200 feet lower. Paleo-Indians used large spears with stone points to hunt mammoth and mastodon. By 9,000 years ago the climate had become warmer and sea levels rose. This change led the Archaic Period people to pursue a hunting and gathering life style. These people also used stemmed spear points for hunting, but also gathered shellfish and caught fish in nets and traps. By 2,500 years ago the Deptford Culture people living around Bayport lived in small settlements along the Gulf. They used shell tools and their diets relied heavily on marine resources. A Bayport burial mound excavated in the late 19th century contained artifacts that dated from the Weeden Island Culture 1,100-1,700 years ago. Evidence of the Safety Harbor Culture people dating from 1,000 to 450 years ago was found within a burial mound at Weeki Wachee Spring and contained early Spanish Contact Period artifacts. These native people were living around Bayport during the expeditions led by Panfilo de Narvaez in 1528 and Hernando de Soto in 1539.
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Details
HM NumberHM1RA3
Marker NumberF-788
Year Placed2013
Placed ByHernando County Environmentally Sensitive Lands Program, Historic Hernando Preservation Society, Inc., Hernando Historical Museum Association, Inc., Florida Public Archeology Network, Gulf Archeology Research Institute and the Florida Department of State
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, March 28th, 2016 at 9:04am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17R E 338441 N 3157677
Decimal Degrees28.53586667, -82.65126667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 28° 32.152', W 82° 39.076'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds28° 32' 9.12" N, 82° 39' 4.56" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)727, 352
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4101-4213 Cortez Blvd, Spring Hill FL 34607, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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