Tzompantli altar ("flag of heads") of the north

Tzompantli altar ("flag of heads") of the north (HM1QCK)

Location: Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal 06900
Country: Mexico

N 19° 27.098', W 99° 8.216'

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Altar Tzompantli (bandera de cabezas) del norte

A unos metros de la fachada oriental de este altar, se localizaron acomodados en hileras, 170 cráneos humanos con perforaciones en los parietales (ambos lados del cráneo). Por esta razón, se consideró que originalmente fueron expuestos en la parte superior del altar llamado Tzompantli, (Bandera de Cabezas) nombre para el templo que utilizaban los mexicas para colocar los cráneos de los cautivos de guerra que eran sacrificados en algunos de los templos del Recinto Ceremonial. Este tzompantli está orientada al poniente, tiene un solo cuerpo de forma rectangular y presenta una escalinata de acceso. En el lado sur hay un grabado en la roca con forma de mano. Los Tzompantli son evidencias arqueológicas que ahora nos pueden parecer estremecedoras, pero forman parta (sic parte) de la historia y cultura del pueblo mexica. Pie de dibujo:Las excavaciones arqueológicas realizadas en este lugar permitieron corroborar las fuentes escritas por los españoles en el siglo XVI respecto al uso del Tzompantli y sus características, pues se encontraron 170 cráneos con perforaciones en los parietales. English:A few yards from the Eastern facade of this altar, they found 170 human skulls arranged in rows, with holes on the parietals (both sides of the skull). For this reason, it was believe that they were originally displayed on the upper part of the altar called Tzompantli (flag of heads), a name for the temple that the mexicas would use to place the skulls of prisoners of war that were sacrificed in some of the Ceremonial Sanctuary temples. This tzompantli faces the West. It has a single rectangular-shaped body and exhibits an entrance staircase. On the altar on the southern end, there is a carving in the rock with the shape of a human hand. The Tzompantli is archeological evidence that may now seem shocking to us, but they form part of the history and culture of the mexica people. English translation of the caption:Archaeological excavations done here corroborated written 16th centuray accounts from the Spanish about the use of the tzompantli with the finding of 170 skulls here that were perforated through the parietals.
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Details
HM NumberHM1QCK
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, January 4th, 2016 at 1:01pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 485627 N 2150806
Decimal Degrees19.45163333, -99.13693333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 27.098', W 99° 8.216'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 27' 5.88" N, 99° 8' 12.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 106 Lázaro Cárdenas, Ciudad de México Distrito Federal 06900, MX
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