The Meaning of the Pyramid of the Sun

The Meaning of the Pyramid of the Sun (tmp-9f833)

Location: , Estado de México San Juan Teotihuacán
Country: Mexico

N 19° 41.546', W 98° 50.694'

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Significado del Pirámide del Sol

Con base en los recientes trabajos arqueológicos que se han realizado en torno a la Pirámide del Sol, se ha
desarrollado una nueva interpretación sobre su significado religioso. A partir de las crónicas escritas en el siglo XVI, se conoce que esta pirámide fue la base de un gran templo dedicado a una deidad cuya advocación fue el Sol. La nueva interpretacion propone que la divinidad venerada en este edificio fue Tláloc, el dios del agua.Las evidencias que apoyan esta interpretación son, entre otras, la existencia de un canal de 3 m. de ancho que circunda en su base a la Pirámide, dándole el significado de Altepetl o Cerro de Agua; la existencia de enterramientos infantiles en las esquinas del edificio, característicos de ofrendas dedicadas al dios del agua, y de una cueva debajo de la pirámide. Las cuevas tienen un significado dual dentro de la cosmovision prehispanica: son vida y muerte. En efecto, por un lado son lugares relacionados con Tláloc, identificados como matrices que dan vida y, por otro, son la entrada al mundo de los muertos. Los dioses que simbolizan estos aspectos de la cosmovisión prehispánica, ocupan el espacio central, mismo que Tláloc ocupa en esta pirámide o montaña sagrada.

Náhuatl:
Significado del Pirámide del
Sol

Ipampa in quinye tequitlamachiliztli omochichiuh, cuali mixpantia ipampa in Iteocal in Tonatiuh, cuali yomochichiuh occe tlaneltoquiliz in tlen quitoznequi in teotlamachiliz. Ipan in tlen omicuilo ipampa in xihuitl
in tlen itoca siglo XVI, cuali mixmati mach inin teocalli cauli catca ipan ce hueyi teopantli in tlen
monequia ipampa ce teotl in tlen in Tonatiuh moteochihuaya. Ihuan in yancuic ixtlamanchiliztli axan quixpantia mach in teotl in aquin ipampa moteochihuaya oya in Tlaloc, inin teotl catca ipampa in atl. Mochi in tlen cuali tlapalehuia in tlen axan mitohua in tlen occe quitoznequi, ipampa in tlen onca ce apamitl in tlen
quipiya 3 m. in tlen patlahuac tlacha, in tlen quiyehualohua itzintla inin teocalli, ihuan ohquion mate quitoznequi Altepetl. Ihuan in quenin onca in mihcatoca in cocone inanacaztla in caltepamitl, mochi inin cuali motlaliliaya ipampa in teotl in atl, ihuan mochi onca ce oztoc icxitla in teocalli.
In oztome cuali quitoznequi çan ome itlamachiliz in tlen mochi quipiaya intlaneltoquiliz in tlatlaca in tlen cachto catca in cuac aymo àcia in caxtiltlatlaca. Mochi inin mocetilia in nemilizcayotl ihuan in miquilizcayotl. Noço, occehcan mohta in quenin mocetilia in teotlachihualitzli ipampa in Tlaloc, in tlen mixpantia in quenin temacohua in nemiliztli, ihuan mochi in occehcan, cuali mohta in canin onca in mimihca calaquiliztli.
In teteo in tlen mixtlachia in tlen cachto tlaneltoquiliz catca in cuac ayamo nican àcia in caxtiltlacá, mochi inin cuali yolotlamachiliztli catca, in quenin nican in Tlaloc onca ipan in Teocalli, onoço ipan in teotepetl.
English:
The Meaning of the Pyramid of the Sun

On the basis of recent archaeological work undertaken around the Pyramid of the Sun, a new interpretation has
been developed concerning its religious meaning. Given accounts written in the sixteenth century, it was believed that this pyramid functioned as a base for a large temple dedicated to the sun (considered a deity). The new interpretation proposes that the god worshiped in this building was the water deity, Tlaloc.
Evidence supporting this interpretation includes the existence of a ten-foot wide moat which surrounds the
Pyramid's base, giving it the meaning of "Altepetl" (Water Hill), the presence of child burials at the
building's corners, (characteristic of offerings to the water god), and a cave found beneath the pyramid.
Caves have the two-fold meaning in the pre-Hispanic cosmic vision of life and death. Indeed, on the one hand, they bare (sic, bear) symbolic relation to Tlaloc, interpreted as life-giving wombs, and, on the other, represent entrances to the world of the dead. The gods who symbolize these aspects of the pre-Hispanic cosmic vision occupy the central place as Tlaloc in this pyramid or sacred mountain.
Details
HM Numbertmp-9f833
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, July 19th, 2017 at 8:04pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 516255 N 2177453
Decimal Degrees19.69243333, -98.84490000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 41.546', W 98° 50.694'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 41' 32.76" N, 98° 50' 41.64" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Acceso a Piramide del Sol por Puerta 5, Estado de México , MX
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