Swaim's Jail

Swaim's Jail (HMYVP)

Location: Chattanooga, TN 37403 Hamilton County
Country: United States of America

N 35° 3.099', W 85° 18.381'

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Confining Andrew's Raiders

Swaim's Jail, a small two-story brick building set into the side of the slope and surrounded by a high board fence, stood across the street. Confederate authorities held Andrew's Raiders there after their capture in April 1862. James J. Andrews, 22 soldiers from three Ohio infantry regiments, and a civilian names William Gunter Campbell stole a locomotive called The General of Big Shanty (present day Kennesaw), Georgia and traveled toward Chattanooga. They planned to disrupt Confederate communications by destroying Western and Atlantic Railroad bridges and cutting telegraph wires. Conductor William Allen Fuller led a close pursuit, and the raiders could not carry out their plan. They ran out of fuel north of Ringgold, Georgia, abandoned the engine, fled into the countryside around Chattanooga, and were soon captured.

The raiders were confined in the jail's basement, only 13 square feet and accessed through a trap door and down a ladder. A raider wrote, "Though the night was cool outside, the heat here was more than that of a tropic noon and the perspiration soon oozed from every pore. The fetid air and the stench made me for a time deadly sick, and worst of all, there was an almost unbearable sense of suffocation."

A Confederate court found Andrews guilty of spying and hanged him in Atlanta on June 7, 1862. On June 18, seven other raiders were also hanged. Eight others later escaped to the North. The last six raiders were exchanged as prisoners of war on March 17, 1863. Chattanooga National Cemetery contains the 1890 Ohio memorial to Andrew's Raiders.
Details
HM NumberHMYVP
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 18th, 2014 at 9:08pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 654458 N 3880082
Decimal Degrees35.05165000, -85.30635000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 3.099', W 85° 18.381'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 3' 5.94" N, 85° 18' 22.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 400-498 Lookout St, Chattanooga TN 37403, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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