The Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour
The Battle of Queenston Heights
The village below you and the heights on which you are standing were the stage for the famous Battle of Queenston Heights.
It took place during the Anglo-American conflict 1812-1815 known as the War of 1812. During the early morning hours of October 13, 1812 an American invasion force camped at Lewiston crossed the Niagara river and gained control of the heights of Queenston. After many hours of fierce combat, they were crushed by a combined force of British Army regulars, Canadian militia and Indian warriors.
This victory had a great significance. It prevented for sometime the Americans from establishing a foothold in Canada and it inspired confidence in Canadians that they could defend an immense territory despite their meager human and material resources.
Battle Scene Legend
A. American attackers' cross the river.
B. British defenders contain the Americans at the landing area.
C. Detachment of Americans secretly scale the steep river cliff behind the British position on Queenston Heights.
D. Americans take the British defensive battery by surprise.
E. British attempt to regain redan battery; British commander, Brock, is killed.
F. Indians harass Americans trying to establish defensive positions.
G. British reinforcements arrive and ascend the heights.
H. British combined force faces Americans in final battle. The latter, trapped between the river and a powerful opposing force, surrender.