On this site, opposite colorful Mineral Hill (now known as Red Mountain) where the Mammoth mines are located, stood the town of Mammoth City. In this gulch during 1878-79 sprouted a mining camp of perhaps a thousand people. Mammoth City - the center for the nearby, smaller camps of Pine City, Mill City, and Mineral Peak - is said to have had 22 saloons, 13 stores, 2 breweries, 2 livery stables, 5 restaurants and 2 newspapers. Remember that a ten foot square tent or shack plus a barrel of whiskey were all that was needed to make a "saloon". The Mammoth Mining Co. shut down permanently during the severe winter of 1879-80 causing a mass exodus of residents. A Daily News report stated "twenty pairs of snowshoes, each with a man on top, left this morning".