Shoulder-bone Creek Treaty

Shoulder-bone Creek Treaty (HMX17)

Location: Sparta, GA 31087 Hancock County
Country: United States of America

N 33° 20.349', W 83° 4.804'

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Near the mouth of Shoulder-bone Creek on the banks of the Oconee River a treaty of "amity, peace and commerce" was signed by eight commissioners representing the State of Georgia and 59 head men of the Creek Confederation, November 3, 1786. Among the terms of the treaty was one ceding all lands east of the Oconee River to the White men. To insure faithful performance the Indians left in the hands of the Georgians 5 of their men. These were: Chuwocklie Mico of the Cowetas; Cuchas and his brother, Suckawockie of the Cussetas; Eneathlocao, second man of Broken Arrow, and Enautaleche, nephew of the headman of the Swaglos. Representing the State of Georgia at Shoulder-bone were John Habersham for Chatham County; Abraham Ravot for Effingham; John Clements for Burke, James McNiel for Richmond; John King for Wilkes; James Powell for Liberty; Ferdinand O'Neal for Glynn and Camden, Jared Irwin for Franklin, Greene, and Washington, and Benjamin Porter. The Treaty was soon repudiated by Creek Chief Alexander McGillivray who, sympathetic with the Spaniards of Florida, had refused to attend and contended the representation of Creeks at Shoulder-bone was not sufficient to speak for the Confederation.
HM NumberHMX17
Series This marker is part of the Georgia: Georgia Historical Society/Commission series
Marker Number070-6
Year Placed1955
Placed ByGeorgia Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 19th, 2014 at 9:48am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 306418 N 3690817
Decimal Degrees33.33915000, -83.08006667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 20.349', W 83° 4.804'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 20' 20.94" N, 83° 4' 48.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)706
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 63 Unnamed Road, Sparta GA 31087, US
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