Where the Fighting StartedThe Confederate cavalry brigade of Gen. BradleyT. Johnson bivouacked in the fields to your lefton August 7, 1864. Willow Wall (built ca. 1830), visible to your left down the road, was Johnson's headquarters. Johnson's brigade and that of Gen. John McCausland (bivouacked closer to Moorefield) had taken part in Gen. Jubal A. Early'sraid on Washington, D.C., and had burned Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in retaliation for Federal "depredations" in the Shenandoah Valley,which had likewise been in retaliation for Confederate "atrocities." Union Gen. William W.Averell, whose command was in pursuit, surprised the Confederate pickets north of here byattackingwith "JesseScouts"(Federalsoldiers inConfederateuniforms).He droveJohnson'smen south throughhere toward Parson's Ford. Averell captured four cannons, more than 400 men with their weapons, and—about as bad for theConfederates at thisstage of the war—anequal number of hard-to-replace horses. Earlyclaimed that "thisaffair had a very damaging effect upon my cavalry for the rest of the campaign" in terms of bothmorale and horses. That campaign ended withthe loss of the Shenandoah Valley, the "breadbasket of the Confederacy."
|Placed By||Civil War Trails|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Friday, September 26th, 2014 at 4:09pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||17S E 677092 N 4333344|
|Decimal Degrees||39.13128333, -78.95115000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 39° 7.877', W 78° 57.069'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||39° 7' 52.62" N, 78° 57' 4.14" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 405 Reynolds Gap Rd, Old Fields WV 26845, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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