The Roots of the US Coast Guard

The Roots of the US Coast Guard (HMWKL)

Location: New London, CT 06320 New London County
Country: United States of America

N 41° 21.26', W 72° 5.652'

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Supporting and Defending Maritime Trade

In 1789, when the new federal government needed a national source of revenue, Congress turned to the sea. They placed a tax on imports, created the Customs Service to collect it and established federal oversight for lighthouses to ensure safer passage for commerce. A year later, the armed Revenue Cutter Service was born to reduce the tax losses from smuggling.

In 1910, the Revenue Cutter Service's School of Instruction moved to Fort Trumbull. In 1915, Congress merged the Revenue Cutter and Lifesaving Services to create the Coast Guard. The school became the Coast Guard Academy and in 1932 moved to its current location on land donated by the citizens of New London. "America's Tall Ship," the three-masted barque USCGC Eagle, has been home-ported here since 1946 and serves as the Academy's training ship.

The Lighthouse Service was assimilated into the Coast Guard in 1939, and with it came the responsibility for maintaining aids to navigation. Although the Coast Guard no longer owns many of the lighthouses, assuring that the lights such as New London Harbor Light (America's fourth oldest), Ledge Light and Avery Point remain lit still remains an essential responsibility of the U.S. Coast Guard.
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HM NumberHMWKL
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 11th, 2014 at 5:31am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 743082 N 4582167
Decimal Degrees41.35433333, -72.09420000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 21.26', W 72° 5.652'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 21' 15.60" N, 72° 5' 39.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)860
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 33-81 State St, New London CT 06320, US
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