Changing Role of the Fort

Changing Role of the Fort (HMWI2)

Location: Newport, RI 02840 Newport County
Country: United States of America

N 41° 28.725', W 71° 20.314'

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The late 19th century saw revolutionary changes in both weapons and strategies of defense. Steam powered ships with high velocity naval guns could now bring the walls down and rendered forts obsolete. To remedy the risk, Fort Adams expanded outside its main walls. Just before 1900, the Army built six new batteries and armed them with modern cannons and mortars. These batteries could fire at greater ranges to protect Newport and Narragansett Bay.

From 1900 on, the older fort walls served primarily to house soldiers rather than to provide defense. New barracks were added to the southwest and southeast walls. During World War I, the fort saw service as a depot for units departing for duty in France. Three regiments of artillery were formed and trained at Fort Adams. They brought some of the fort's guns with them into combat.

[ Along Bottom of Marker : ]
New Cannon Capabilities

Made of Steel
Smokeless Powder

New Batteries
Battery Greene

8 ? ? ? ? ? 12-inch Mortars

Battery Edgerton
8 ? ? ? ? ? 12-inch Mortars

Battery Reilly
2 ? ? ? ? ? 10-inch Disappearing Rifles

Battery Bankhead
3 ? ? ? ? ? 6-inch Rifles

Battery Talbot
2 ? ? ? ? ? 4.7-inch Rifles

Battery Belton
2 ? ? ? ? ? 3-inch Mine Defense Guns

New Locations
Green & Edgerton
opposite Brenton Cove & Newport Harbor
Reilly, Bankhead, Talbot & Belton along East Passage from the fort south to Eisenhower house.
New Homes Officer's Quarters built south of the fort
New enlisted barracks built of brick on the old south wall
HM NumberHMWI2
Placed ByFort Adams State Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 4th, 2014 at 3:47am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)19T E 304746 N 4594545
Decimal Degrees41.47875000, -71.33856667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 28.725', W 71° 20.314'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 28' 43.50" N, 71° 20' 18.84" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)401
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 201 Fort Adams State Park, Newport RI 02840, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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