Texas remembers the valor and devotion of its soldiers who participated in the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky - August 29 & 30, 1862. -
Here, Confederate Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith led his newly organized Confederate Army of Kentucky in an effort to force the Union Army out of the region and thereby open an avenue to the north. As the battle became more involved, a concentrated assault by Col. Thomas McCray's brigade - part of Brig. Gen. Thomas Churchill's division and made up primarily of Texas dismounted cavalry regiments - struck the vulnerable right flank of Federal Brig. Gen. Mahlon D. Manson's line of battle. This attack from a hidden ravine, now known as Churchill's Draw, forced the entire Federal line to collapse and a confused Federal retreat northward ensued. This action was just the beginning of a series of consecutive victories for Confederate forces that day.
These Texas dismounted cavalry regiments and Douglas's 1st Texas Artillery played pivotal roles in vicious fighting at Duncannon Road and in the Richmond Cemetery later in the day. These engagements produced one of the Confederacy's most resounding victories, and these Texas units played decisive roles in achieving one of the most overwhelming defeats of Federal forces during the entire war. -
Erected by the State of Texas 2009 -
(On reverse of the memorial)
Texas units engaged in the Battle of Richmond, KY -
Col. Thomas H. McCray's Brigade -
10th Texas Dismounted Cavalry Regiment
11th Texas Dismounted Cavalry Regiment
14th Texas Dismounted Cavalry Regiment
32nd (15th) Texas Dismounted Cavalry Regiment
1st Texas Artillery
Capt. James P. Douglas's Battery -
Although Texas units did not actively participate in the limited fighting on August 29th Douglas's 1st Texas Artillery fired the first Confederate artillery shots on the 30th answering the Federal cannons placed near the Mt. Zion Church and beginning a two hour artillery duel with the Federals. -
Texas remembers and honors her sons.
They sleep the sleep of the brave.