Site of the Haymarket Tragedy

Site of the Haymarket Tragedy (HMW5H)

Location: Chicago, IL 60661 Cook County
Country: United States of America

N 41° 53.094', W 87° 38.649'

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(plaque 1)
On the evening of May 4th, 1886, a tragedy of international significance unfolded on this site in Chicago's Haymarket produce district. An outdoor meeting had been hastily organized by anarchist activists to protest the violent death of workers during a labor lockout the previous day in another area of the city. Spectators gathered in the street as speakers addressed political, social, and labor issues from atop a wagon that stood at the location of this monument. When approximately 175 policemen approached with an order to disperse the meeting, a dynamite bomb was thrown into their ranks.

(plaque 2)
The identity and affiliation of the person who threw the bomb have never been determined, but his anonymous act had many victims. From the blast and panic that followed, seven policemen and at least four civilian bystanders lost their lives, but victims of the incident were not limited to those who died as a direct result of the bombing. In the aftermath, the people who organized and spoke at the meeting, and others who held unpopular political viewpoints were arrested and unfairly tried, even though none could be tied to the bombing itself.

(plaque 3)
Meeting organizers George Engel and Adolph Fischer, along with speakers August Spies and Albert Parsons were put to death by hanging. Activist Louis Lingg died violently in jail prior to his scheduled execution. Meeting speaker Samuel Fielden, and Oscar Neebe and Michael Schwab were sentenced to prison, but later pardoned in 1893 by Illinois Governor John Peter Altgeld, citing the injustices of their trial.

(plaque 4)
Over the years, the site of the Haymarket bombing has become a powerful symbol for a diverse cross-section of people, ideals and movements. Its significance touches on the issues of free speech, the right of public assembly, organized labor, the fight for the eight-hour workday, law enforcement, justice, anarchy, and the right of every human being to pursue an equitable and prosperous life. For all, it is a poignant lesson in the rewards and consequences inherent in such human pursuits.
HM NumberHMW5H
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 10th, 2014 at 4:49pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 446556 N 4637197
Decimal Degrees41.88490000, -87.64415000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 53.094', W 87° 38.649'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 53' 5.64" N, 87° 38' 38.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)630, 312, 773, 847, 708
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 175 N Desplaines St, Chicago IL 60661, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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