Anfiteatro Flavio/The Flavian Amphitheatre

Anfiteatro Flavio/The Flavian Amphitheatre (HMW43)

Location: Rome, Lazio 00184 RM
Country: Italy

N 41° 53.372', E 12° 29.487'

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Inscription
L'Anfiteatro Flavio, grande edificio pubblico destinato a spettacoli di enorme popolarita, quali le cacce e I combattimenti gladiatori, fu edificato, in luogo del lago atificiale dela Domus Aurea neronicana, dagli imperatori della dinastia Flavia. Il nome originale, Amphitheatrum o Amphitheatrum magnum, fu sostituito nell'Alto Medioevo da Colysaeum, probabilmente per la contiguita co il celeberrimo Colosso eretto da Nerone.

La costruzione dell'Anfiteatro inizio ne 72 d.C. e fu finanziata con il bottino della Guerra giudaica. L'edificio fu inaugurato solennemente nell' 80 d.C. da Tito, completato da Domiziano e piu volte restaurato fino al V secolo.

L'Anfiteatro perse la funzione originaria nel VI sec d.C. per conoscere alter destinazioni d'uso. La sua struttura, con pianta ovale e prospetto costituito da 4 ordini architettonici sovrapposti, ancora visibili solo sul lato settentrionale, appare oggi fortement alterata, in conseguenza dei fenomeni di riuso e spoliazione, che indebolirono il monument rendendolo vulnerablile ai terremoti.

L'imponente architettura dell'Anfiteatro h caratterizzato nel tempo il paesaagggi della Valle, costituendo un segno urbano di straordinaria Potenza evocativa.


The Flavian Amphitheatre, a huge public building intended for enormous popular shows such as hunts and gladiatorial fights, was built on the site of the artificial lake of Nero's Domus Aurea by the emperors of the Flavian dynasty. Its original name, Amphitheatrum or Amphitheatrum magnum was replaced in the High Middle Ages by Colysaeum, probably because of its proximity to the very famous Colossus erected by Nero.

Building work for the Amphitheatre began in 72 AD and was financed by the booty from the Judean war. The building was solemnly inaugurated in 80 AD by Titus, completed by Domitian and restored several times up until the 5th century.

In the 6th century, the Amphitheatre lost its original function and was used for other purposes. The structure, with its oval plan and fa?ade consisting of 4 order of architecture, one on top of another, still visible only on the north side, seems greatly altered today, in consequence of re-use and spoliation of materials, which weakened the monument, making it vulnerable to earthquakes.
The imposing architecture of the Amphitheatre has dominated the landscape of the Valley throughout time, constituting an urban sign of extraordinarily evocative power.
Details
HM NumberHMW43
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 26th, 2014 at 8:57pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)33T E 291881 N 4640554
Decimal Degrees41.88953333, 12.49145000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 53.372', E 12° 29.487'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 53' 22.32" N, 12° 29' 29.22" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4 Piazza del Colosseo, Rome Lazio 00184, IT
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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