The Lenape Village of Pelouesse

The Lenape Village of Pelouesse (HMTRY)

Location: Hampton, NJ 08827 Hunterdon County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 42.65', W 74° 58.08'

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Inscription
A Lenape village called Pelouesse was identified in 1715 across the Musconetcong River from Hampton, New Jersey. The name of the village, Pelouesse, as pronounced by the colonial Americans, derived from the Lenape words yapei, meaning "on the stream bank" and lusasu, meaning "it has been burned". The words referred to the nearly 15 acres of burned clearing that were used by the Lenape as a plantation. Corn, beans, and squash were planted in the fertile well-drained soil. The village was located along the clear running river which provided drinking water and fish. Hunting of deer, turkey, bear and other game provided meat to supplement the crops, skins for clothing, fur for robes, and bones for tools.

Pelouesse was also located on a branch of the Lenape trail across Musconetcong Mountain, called the Malayelick Trail. This name derived from the Lenape words maheles, meaning "flint", and elek, meaning "as it happens (occurs)". The limestone of the Musconetcong Valley has significant amounts of chert which was used to make flint arrowheads, spear points, knives, and scrapers. These products were important trade items. The Malayelick Trail reached to where Trenton is today to the south, and to where Phillipsburg is today to the west.

Details
HM NumberHMTRY
Tags
Year Placed2011
Placed ByMusconetcong River Management Council and Musconetcong Watershed Association
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 18th, 2014 at 11:38am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 502702 N 4506658
Decimal Degrees40.71083333, -74.96800000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 42.65', W 74° 58.08'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 42' 39.00" N, 74° 58' 4.80" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)908
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 100-128 Park Dr, Hampton NJ 08827, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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