The Battle of Payne's Farm

The Battle of Payne's Farm (HMSYR)

Location: Locust Grove, VA 22508 Orange County
Buy Virginia State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 38° 20.091', W 77° 49.822'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites

Unexpected Encounter

"There was a sudden commotion in the train ahead and several of the ambulances turned and came back in confusion. General [George H.] Steuart promptly ordered them back to their places, faced the brigade into line to the left and deployed skirmishers." — Lt. McHenry Howard, CSA

"The Union soldiers came in sight of a road, along which the rebel baggage wagons and ambulances were being driven at a rapid rate, when they met with a firm resistance from the enemy in front." — Regimental History, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, USA

The Battle of Payne's Farm began at the intersection beyond the trees in front of you on the afternoon of November 27, 1863, as men of the Union III Corps met portions of Confederate Gen. Edward Johnson's division. Even though pickets on both sides had encountered each other throughout the morning, neither side recognized the other as anything more than a small scouting party. That afternoon, as Johnson's column was passing the intersection, however, Federal skirmishers in these woods fired upon the surprised Confederates on the Raccoon Ford Road to your left.

Gen. George H. Steuart, bringing up the Confederate rear, halted his brigade and quickly formed a line of battle in the road. On arriving and surveying the scene, Johnson ordered the rest of his division to countermarch to the scene of the action. It is unclear whether Johnson knew the full strength of the force he was facing, but it seemed to make no difference to him. In the woods and fields adjoining this intersections one Confederate division confronted a Union army corps three times its size.
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2011
Placed ByThe Civil War Trust and Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 22nd, 2014 at 9:06am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 252612 N 4246760
Decimal Degrees38.33485000, -77.83036667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 20.091', W 77° 49.822'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 20' 5.46" N, 77° 49' 49.32" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 31200-31284 State Rte 603, Locust Grove VA 22508, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What historical period does the marker represent?
  2. What historical place does the marker represent?
  3. What type of marker is it?
  4. What class is the marker?
  5. What style is the marker?
  6. Does the marker have a number?
  7. This marker needs at least one picture.
  8. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  9. Is the marker in the median?