— Exploring Downtown —Municipal government long ago spilled out of City Hall to create the surrounding Civic Center. Today, Chambers Street and Foley Square are lined with white granite and marble civic buildings. The sumptuous lobby of the Surrogate's Court at 31 Chambers Street (1899-1907), with marble walls and vaulted mosaic-covered ceiling, is often used as a location for television and movie scenes. Down the street, the Municipal Building at 1 Centre Street (McKim, Mead & White, 1914) raises classic white granite to skyscraper heights, in a building that straddles what used to be a continuation of Chambers Street. To the north, Centre and Lafayette streets form the oddly shaped Foley Square, now synonymous with the courts. Side by side sit the United States Courthouse at 40 Centre Street (Cass Gilbert, 1936) and the New York State Supreme Court (originally the New York County Courthouse) at 60 Centre Street (Guy Lowell, 1912-1926). Foley Square replaced a large part of the once infamous Five Points district - a collection of squalid, rundown houses on streets known as "Murderers Alley" and "Den of Thieves." Violent gangs like the Dead Rabbits and the Plug Uglies eventually grew into organized crime syndicates.
|Placed By||The Alliance for Downtown New York, Inc|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Sunday, September 7th, 2014 at 3:10pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18T E 584187 N 4507453|
|Decimal Degrees||40.71370000, -74.00328333|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 40° 42.822', W 74° 0.197'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||40° 42' 49.32" N, 74° 0' 11.82" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Area Code(s)||212, 917, 646, 718, 347|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 31-33 Saint Andrews Plaza, New York NY 10007, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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