102 M.L. King Avenue

102 M.L. King Avenue (HMR91)

Location: St Augustine, FL 32084 St Johns County
Country: United States of America

N 29° 53.141', W 81° 18.888'

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ACCORD Freedom Trail

This area in the heart of Lincolnville was associated with black education for nearly a century. This lot was the site of the Presbyterian Parochial and Industrial School, headed by Rev. James H. Cooper. It was demolished in 1940 and the grounds became part of Excelsior School.

Across the street there were two school buildings dating back to the Flagler Era of the late 1800s, before the existing Excelsior School was built in 1925. It was the first public high school serving black students in St. Augustine. Before that, a public high school education had only been available to whites.

One of the early teachers at Excelsior was Edward D. Davis (1904-1989), who became president of the Florida NAACP and worked with civil rights martyr Harry T. Moore and future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall on a campaign in the 1940s to equalize the pay of black and white teachers. At the time, blacks were paid only about half as much as their white counterparts were. Davis published his autobiography A Half Century of Struggle for Freedom in Florida in 1981.

Many Excelsior alumni made important contributions to the civil rights movement of the 1960s, including Henry Thomas (one of the original Freedom Riders), members of the Eubanks family, Henry and Katherine Twine, and College Football Hall of Famer Willie Galimore.

In 2005, the Excelsior building opened as the city's first museum of African American history.

This Historical Marker Presented this 2nd Day of July, 2009 by Northrop Grumman
HM NumberHMR91
Series This marker is part of the Florida: St. Augustine Freedom Trail series
Year Placed2009
Placed ByThe 40th Anniversary to Commemorate the Civil Rights Demonstrations, Inc. (ACCORD)
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 18th, 2014 at 6:55am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17R E 469603 N 3306159
Decimal Degrees29.88568333, -81.31480000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 53.141', W 81° 18.888'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 53' 8.46" N, 81° 18' 53.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)904
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 112 Moore St, St Augustine FL 32084, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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